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Alliances Anti-Goverment Protests Deterrence Geopolitical conflicts Global Energy Infraestucture Projects Stategic Resources terrorism

GLOBAL GEOPOLITICAL NEWS: January-February 2021, from Wednesday 27  to Tuesday 2

January-February 2021

From Wednesday 27  to Tuesday 2

 

MAIN TOPICS:

  • CONFLICTS
  • ALLIANCES
  • STRATEGIC RESOURCES
  • ENERGY
  • DETERRENCE
  • INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS
  • ANTI-GOVERNMENT PROTESTS
  • TERRORISM

 

ASIA PACIFIC:

Sino-Federation

CHINA: China intensified its rhetoric directed towards Taiwan and said its independence would result in war. Meanwhile, Taipei accused Beijing of flying a dozen military jets in its airspace in an act of intimidation. U.S. observers said China was intent on testing President Joe Biden, who had been sworn in just days before.

SOURCE: FOX NEWS

 

PHILIPPINES: The United States will defend the Philippines against attacks in the South China Sea, according to Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who stressed the importance of the U.S.-Philippines Mutual Defense Treaty.

SOURCE: NEWSWEEK

 

AUSTRALIA: Australia’s defense minister announced a major investment in developing and procuring new air-defense and anti-ship missiles, advanced torpedoes, and naval vessels. Australia hopes that its new arsenal will prove to be enough to keep belligerents from threatening the Southern Pacific, especially China.

SOURCE: THE DIPLOMAT

 

QUAD: The UK is planning joining the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) created to counter China. It may be discussed during Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s planned visit to India.

SOURCE: SPUTNIK


EURASIA:

Eurasia_(orthographic_projection).svg

CAUCASUS: Iran is having active diplomatic relations with three neighboring countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) of the Caucasus region and it has gained a better opportunity to play a more influential role in the region following the departure of former US President Donald Trump from office. According to analyst, Iran pursues the foreign policy of resolving disputes of the Caucasus region without the presence of any ultra-regional powers.

SOURCE: IRNA

 

BLACK SEA: The U.S. Navy has sent a third warship into the Black Sea as it steps up its presence in the strategic region. It is the largest U.S. Navy presence in the Black Sea in three years, and comes days after President Joe Biden spoke for the first time with Russian President Vladimir Putin. The Black Sea has taken on greater strategic importance for the United States and NATO after Russia illegally annexed Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula.

SOURCE: RADIO FREE EUROPE


SOUTH ASIA:

South_Asia_UN_(orthographic_projection).svg

AFGHANISTAN: Taliban delegation is visiting Tehran for talks with Iranian officials on the Afghan peace process. Iran accuses US of stalling Afghan peace talks. Iran has in recent years backed Taliban’s inclusion in Afghanistan’s future political structure, and repeatedly called for the ouster of US forces from the country.

SOURCE: YENISAFAK

 

AFGHANISTAN: European soldiers of the NATO-led Resolute Support Mission (RSM) in Afghanistan will not be withdrawn from this war-torn country in May under a conditional peace agreement signed by the Trump administration and the insurgent Taliban in February of last year. There are still some 7,500 NATO troops deployed to Afghanistan.

SOURCE: BUSINESS TIMES

 

INDIA: India had alleged that China and Pakistan were behind the ongoing protests by farmers in India (thousands of farmers have been protesting since November against three laws that the government claims are aimed at liberalizing the agriculture sector). Pakistan rejected New Delhi’s claim.

SOURCE: ANADOLU AGENCY

 

INDIA: The blast caused on January 29, 2021 outside the Israeli Embassy building in New Delhi is considered by Israeli and Indian authorities a terrorist attack, probably by Iran. The modus operandi suggests the main goal was political/psychological: to inspire permanent fear of more serious revenge attacks against Israeli and Jewish targets worldwide. Iran denied it would do such a thing in India especially when New Delhi is making strenuous efforts, despite disapproval by the US and some European countries, to develop new methods to pay for Iranian oil.

SOURCE: JERUSALEM POST

 

MYANMAR: Myanmar’s military has detained the country’s president and declared one year-state of emergency. The army alleges the recent landslide election win by Ms Suu Kyi’s party was marred by fraud. She urged supporters to “protest against the coup”. The U.S. has threatened to take action against those responsible for the detention.

SOURCES: PREMIUM TIMES BBC


MIDDLE EAST:

Middle_East_(orthographic_projection)

SYRIA: The US forces are setting up a new military base in Al- Yaarubiya area in the east of Al-Hasakah province, near the border with Iraq. In the last few months, the US military has brought thousands of trucks carrying weapons, military equipment and logistics to al-Hasakah to plunder Syria’s oil and other natural resources.

SOURCE: MEHR NEWS

 

SYRIA: Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov stressed during a press conference with his Iranian counterpart the necessity of finding a political solution to the crisis in Syria and implementing UN Resolution 2254 through a Syrian-Syrian dialogue without any external interference.

SOURCE: SYRIAN OBSERVER

 

SYRIA: Iranian forces are concerned about losing their influence and their members in Syria’s Deir ez-Zor province in favor of the formations supported by Russia. The province is particularly important for Russia due to its proximity to the border with Iraq and its vast underground wealth, including oil.

SOURCE: AL MONITOR

 

ISRAEL: Thousands of Israelis demonstrated against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and called for him to step down. This is the 32nd week that such protests have been held against the Israeli leader, who faces three indictments on corruption and fraud charges.

SOURCE: MIDDLE EAST MONITOR


EUROPE:

1200px-Europe_orthographic_Caucasus_Urals_boundary_(with_borders).svg

NORD STREAM 2: Russia may file a lawsuit over the hindrances other countries have been posing to the gas pipeline project Nord Stream 2. Believes that the US has not changed its stance essentially and that pressure on the project would go on.

SOURCE: TASS


AFRICA:

1200px-Africa_(orthographic_projection).svg

LYBIA: The United States urged Turkey, Russia and the United Arab Emirates to immediately halt their military intervention in Libya and withdraw military personnel. These latest developments are likely to prompt Turkey and the UAE to focus on how they will deal with the new administration of U.S. President Joe Biden.

SOURCE: AHVAL NEWS

 

SOMALIA: In Somalia, a car bomb exploded at the entrance of a hotel frequented by Somali officials, members of the security forces and community leaders. At least three people were killed. Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility. The Al-Qaeda-linked Al-Shabaab has been waging a violent insurgency across the Horn of Africa country seeking to unseat the internationally backed government in Mogadishu.

SOURCE: FRANCE 24


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GLOBAL GEOPOLITICAL NEWS: January 2021, from Monday 18 to Sunday 26

January 2021

From Monday 18 to Sunday 26

MAIN TOPICS:

  • CONFLICTS
  • ALLIANCES
  • STRATEGIC RESOURCES
  • INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS
  • ENERGY
  • ANTI-GOVERNMENT PROTESTS
  • TERRORISM

ASIA PACIFIC:

Sino-Federation

EAST CHINA SEA: Japan seeks US vow of support in East China Sea, as dispute with China heats up. Chinese ships in the disputed area have become an urgent issue for Tokyo, which also sent a diplomatic note to the UN over China’s activities in the South China Sea.

SOURCE: SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST

 

SOUTH CHINA SEA: China sent warplanes, including fighter jets and bombers, into the South China Sea, breaching Taiwan’s airspace for a second day, provocations that come as a test in the early days of the Biden administration. In recent months, China has ramped up its naval presence in the region and criticized any military operations in the area by the US as “collusion” with Taiwan.

SOURCE: NEW YORK POST

 

CHINA-TAIWAN: China announced imposing sanctions on US officials over enhanced engagements with Taiwan. The move comes days after the US eased restrictions on contacts between American and Taiwanese officials.

SOURCE: ANADOLU AGENCY

 

CHINA: China´s government assured that none of the key projects involved in China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) have been suspended for reasons connected with COVID-19. Assured, as examples, that construction work for the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway and China-Laos railway are on schedule, and 65 companies have moved into the China-Belarus industrial park, with total agreed investment of $1.22 billion.

SOURCE: GLOBAL TIMES

 

CHINA: China’s demand for oil remained strong last year despite the COVID-19 pandemic which caused reduced demand for fuel elsewhere. Saudi Arabia, the world’s largest oil exporter, beat Russia, maintaining its ranking as China’s largest crude supplier in 2020. China is the world’s largest oil importer.

SOURCE: MIDDLE EAST MONITOR

 

EURASIA:

Eurasia_(orthographic_projection).svg

HIMALAYAN BORDER: Indian and Chinese troops clashed anew on their contested Himalayan border, highlighting the fraught state of relations between the giant nuclear-armed neighbours.

SOURCE: DIGITAL JOURNAL

 

AZERBAIJAN-TURKMENISTAN: Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan signed a deal on joint exploration and development of hydrocarbon resources of the Dostlug field in the Caspian Sea. Is the “start of a new stage of energy cooperation” between the two neighboring countries.

SOURCE: YENISAFAK

 

SOUTH ASIA:

South_Asia_UN_(orthographic_projection).svg

PAKISTAN-CHINA: Pakistan and China are embroiled in their most serious disagreement relating to the Belt and Road Initiative, causing the annual bilateral summit of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) to be delayed.

SOURCE: NIKKEI

 

INDIA: Iraq’s crude exports to India grew nearly double-digits last year, helping it retain the title of India’s top oil supplier in 2020, but it may struggle to attain similar growth in 2021 if the newly appointed US President Joe Biden resurrects the nuclear deal with Tehran (as expected), which could potentially see the return of Iranian crude, analysts told S&P.

SOURCE: SP GLOBAL

 

AFGHANISTAN: A wave of Taliban attacks and violence has killed dozens across Afghanistan, even as talks are underway between the government and the insurgents in Qatar.

SOURCE: SF CHRONICLE

 

MIDDLE EAST:

Middle_East_(orthographic_projection)

ISRAEL: The Biden administration said it will work closely with Israel on regional security issues and to build on the country’s regional normalisation agreements. Israel is pressing ahead with efforts to expand new relations, following through on last year’s US-brokered agreements to establish full diplomatic ties with a number of Arab countries.

SOURCE: THE ARAB WEEKLY

 

IRAN: Iranian President Hassan Rouhani urged new US President Joe Biden on the day of his inauguration to return to the 2015 nuclear deal and to lift the sanctions on the Middle Eastern country.

SOURCE: TREND AGENCY

 

IRAN: Newly inaugurated US President Joe Biden’s administration will launch an initiative through European mediators to open a direct dialogue with Tehran. New approach will be accompanied by contacts with the allies of the United States in the region, specifically with Gulf countries and Israel.

SOURCE: TIMES OF ISRAEL

 

SAUDI ARABIA: The US military is exploring new bases in Saudi Arabia amid rising tensions with Iran. They already had tested unloading and shipping cargo overland from Saudi Arabia’s port at Yanbu, a crucial terminal for oil pipelines in the kingdom.

SOURCE: TIMES OF ISRAEL

 

TURKEY: Turkey’s presidency submitted a motion extending Turkish forces’ deployment in the Gulf of Aden, Somalia and the Arabian Sea. The Gulf of Aden — near Yemen and close to the world’s fourth-biggest oil transit chokepoint, the Bab el-Mandab strait — is a strategic energy route for Middle Eastern crude oil.

SOURCE: ANADOLU AGENCY

 

IRAQ: Twin suicide bombings have ripped through a busy market in the Iraqi capital, killing at least 28 people, amid heightened political tensions over planned early elections and a severe economic crisis. Islamic State claimed the responsibility.

SOURCES: IRISH EXAMINERMIDDLE EAST EYE

 

IRAQ: More than two years after the end of the self-proclaimed ISIS caliphate in Iraq, Iraqi politicians and political factions are engulfed by waves of concerns about Washington’s plot to revive the terrorist group in their country. Reports suggest that the US is transferring to the Iraq-Syrian borders for future terrorist operations the ISIS prisoners who were kept in Hasakah jails in northeastern Syria.

SOURCE: ABNA 24

 

SYRIA: “Pioneering” American entrepreneurs have waded into the “murky” oil business in Syria, according to a report by the Financial Times. The FT article raised speculations over why former US president Donald Trump reversed his decision to keep US troops in the region having threatened twice to pull them out of the north-east Syria.

SOURCE: MIDDLE EAST MONITOR

 

SYRIA: Syria strongly condemned the actions of US occupation forces in the country’s Northeast. In a letter addressed to the UN, Syria’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs renewed the country’s calls for an immediate and unconditional withdrawal of US forces from the territory.

SOURCE: FARS NEWS AGENCY

 

SYRIA: China called during a UN Security Council session for the cancelling of western unilateral coercive measures against Syria immediately.

SOURCE: SYRIAN OBSERVER

 

EUROPE:

1200px-Europe_orthographic_Caucasus_Urals_boundary_(with_borders).svg

MEDITERRANEAN: Turkey and Greece resumed talks aimed at addressing long-standing maritime disputes, ending a five-year hiatus after months of tensions in the eastern Mediterranean. But, despite agreeing to resume talks, Ankara and Athens still appeared to disagree over the topics to be covered in the run-up to Monday’s meeting.

SOURCE: FRANCE 24

 

MEDITERRANEAN: The European Union has decided to hold off on sanctions against Ankara following the positive spirit created by the latest bilateral engagements and exploratory talks between Turkey and Greece.

SOURCE: MIDDLE EAST EYE

 

THREE SEAS INITIATIVE: Ukraine and Moldova reaffirmed their interest in being part of the Three Seas Initiative, a forum of twelve states in the European Union, along a north–south axis from the Baltic Sea to the Adriatic Sea and the Black Sea in Central and Eastern Europe, that aims at boosting connectivity and facilitating real convergence among EU Member States, contributing to the strengthening of the transatlantic link.

SOURCE: PORTS EUROPE

 

RUSSIA: Russia intends to deploy newest heavy artillery to Ukrainian border. Russia explains the build-up of its artillery power on the south-western borders by the allegedly increasing NATO’s presence in the region.

SOURCE: UAWIRE

 

RUSSIA: On Saturday, tens of thousands rallied in support of jailed Kremlin critic Alexey Navalny, and issued a call for another round of mass-demonstrations this weekend. Russia formally protested to the U.S. Embassy in Moscow over social media posts it said promoted huge anti-Kremlin demonstrations over the weekend.

SOURCE: CBS NEWS

 

AFRICA:

1200px-Africa_(orthographic_projection).svg

EGYPT: Hounded by Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi after briefly rising to power following the Arab Spring uprising, the Muslim Brotherhood sees a new revolution sweeping aside the current regime. They also expressed little fear at the repercussions of this month’s reconciliations between Qatar and its regional rivals in the Gulf and Egypt, which have branded the Muslim Brotherhood a “terrorist organisation”.

SOURCE: BUSINESS RECORDER

 

ETHIOPIA/SUDAN: Ethiopia reiterated its call for Sudan to pull back from disputed territories its troops have been in since late last year. In late December, Sudanese soldiers reportedly moved up to 40 kilometers (25 miles) into Ethiopian-held territories, including the contested fertile agricultural region of Al-Fashaga.

SOURCE: ANADOLU AGENCY

 

NORTH AMERICA:

2000px-Location_North_America.svg

UNITED STATES: President Biden halted efforts to drill in Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge hastily enacted by the outgoing administration of former President Trump. The order places “a temporary moratorium on all activities of the Government relating to the implementation of the Coastal Plain Oil and Gas Leasing Program”. The order also reinstated an Obama-era policy closing most federal offshore waters in the U.S. Arctic and Northern Bering Sea to oil and gas exploration.

SOURCE: ARTICT TODAY

 

UNITED STATES: An American upstream oil company discovered oil in US Gulf of Mexico, one of the most important regions for energy resources and infrastructure, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). Gulf of Mexico federal offshore oil production accounts for 17 percent of total U.S. crude oil production.

SOURCE: RIGZONE

 


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Asia Pacific

ASIA PACIFIC

  • CHINA/USA: Chinese state oil giant CNOOC faces possible new US sanctions, threatening to cripple its international operations.

SOURCE: SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST

 

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South America

SOUTH AMERICA

  • VENEZUELA-CHINA: China ratified to continue its cooperation with Venezuela although the United States threatened to sanction countries and companies that do business with the South American country in the oil sector. The state-owned oil company Petroleos de Venezuela resumed crude oil shipments to China, after a halt started in August 2019 due to US sanctions.

SOURCE: PLENGLISH

 

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Eurasia

EURASIA

  • RUSSIA-BELARUS: Russia and Belarus discussed prospects of interaction in the fuel and energy sector in 2021. They started working out the redirection of petroleum products deliveries from Lithuanian to Russian ports.

SOURCE: TASS

 

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Europe

EUROPE

  • NORD STREAM 2: Norwegian-German certification firm DNV GL will no longer provide services to the Nord Stream 2 pipeline project following the US State Department’s sanctions.

SOURCE: SPUTNIK

 

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Middle East

MIDDLE EAST

  • MIDDLE EAST: BP said it will invest more money in Middle Eastern oil and natural-gas fields. The company is a major producer in countries such as Iraq, the United Arab Emirates and Oman. In Abu Dhabi, BP is working with government-owned producer Adnoc to boost the capacity of onshore oil fields. It also aims to extract gas from the emirate’s Bad field.

SOURCE: RIGZONE

 

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Eurasia

EURASIA

  • RUSSIA: Russian Gazprom Neft lays out seismic plans for Arctic block with huge oil and gas potential. Together with other Russian oil producers, prepares to increase exploration in the zone.

SOURCE: UPSTREAM

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MIDDLE EAST

  • MIDDLE EAST: The Middle East remains in the zone of strategic interests of Russian Gazprom Neft, who announced is still interested in development on the market of the Iraqi Kurdistan.

SOURCE: TASS

 

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Eurasia

EURASIA

  • CHINA: China approves four coal mine projects in western Xinjiang region to ensure energy supply.

SOURCE: REUTERS

 

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