Global Geopolitical Conflicts News August 2020

The most relevant news related to global geopolitical conflicts in a synthetic and organized way, allowing to detect perspectives and trends in just a few minutes.

August 2020

Just the essential


EURASIA:

  • Turkey is planning to create a three-seas link: the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, and the Caspian Sea, that would create a Turkish Silk Road, that could be supported by India, the European Union, and the United States, with anti-Chinese connotations. Turkey is also planning to expand into Central Asia, what could harm China´s interests in the region.

SOURCE: ASIA TIMES


ASIA PACIFIC:

  • Russia’s Rosneft has officially cut its contract with Noble Corporation for cooperation in operations in Vietnam. The episode highlights a growing challenge for multinational Russian companies trying to expand their footprint across Asia: They can’t anger China too much because of the size of China’s power to structurally shape economic relationships as tensions with the United States and broader West escalate.

SOURCE: THE DIPLOMAT

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • US doubles down on Taiwan ties to poke China. They sent a high level official mission to met Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen, showing effectively recognition to Taiwan as a sovereign nation. The crucial question remains whether that diplomatic support will translate into the US coming to Taiwan’s military rescue if China as threatened launches an invasion on the island.

SOURCE: ASIA TIMES

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • The Five Eyes alliance – made up of the US, the UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand – is considering expanding its membership to include Japan. Japan’s willingness to join the bloc is based on its mistrust of China. China-Japan relations have already been put in crisis after Japan’s involvement in the Group of Seven over the national security law for Hong Kong.

SOURCE: GLOBAL TIMES CN 

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s efforts to rally support and unite Southeast Asian nations against China’s aggressive claims in the region have fallen on deaf ears. Eager to maintain stable ties with China, key Southeast Asian countries have publicly distanced themselves from Pompeo’s statements. Others gave either a tepid response or remained internally divided on whether they should fully align with America’s toughening position.

SOURCE: ASIA TIMES                   

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • Philippine has abruptly banned his naval forces from participating in joint maritime exercises with the United States and others in the South China Sea, a move which could undermine Washington’s bid to build an anti-China bulwark of like-minded allies in the contested waterway. Previously, the Beijing-friendly Duterte tried to improve relations with China by downgrading his government’s maritime cooperation with the US.

SOURCE: ASIA TIMES                   

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • China has conducted near-simultaneous four-region naval drills, covering the Yellow Sea, Bohai Gulf, East China Sea and South China Sea, as tit-for-tat response to recent US maneuvers and deployments in China’s adjacent waters.

SOURCE: ASIA TIMES

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • US will ban certain Chinese nationals allegedly involved the militarization of the South China Sea. They blacklisted 24 Chinese companies over their alleged role in building military fortifications on artificial islands in the mentioned Sea.

SOURCE: SPUTNIK

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • China has fired a barrage of medium-range missiles across considerable distances into the South China Sea. It punctuated a series of military exercises that China has conducted this month at a time of rising tensions with the United States over its territorial claims in the area.

SOURCE: NEW YORK TIMES

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe will meet for a virtual summit in September to sign an important military logistics agreement. The current summit meeting comes against the backdrop of Chinese aggression against both countries, along the Sino-Indian border and the East China Sea.

SOURCE: THE DIPLOMAT

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • India and Vietnam agreed to strengthen their strategic partnership, as an initiative centered in maritime security and maritime resources, among others. Vietnam is keen for India to expand its presence in oil and gas exploration in the South China Sea. India has on many occasions explained that it will continue to maintain its oil and gas exploration tie-ups with Vietnam in Vietnamese waters.

SOURCE: THE DIPLOMAT

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • Japanese Foreign Minister meets with Cambodian Prime Minister as a step further to expand its engagement with Cambodia, one of the most prominent of China’s allies in the region. Besides Cambodia, Japan trip included stops in Laos and Myanmar— countries where Chinese influence also ostensibly has deep roots.

SOURCE: THE DIPLOMAT


SOUTH ASIA:

  • India will support infrastructures project in Maldives to counter China influence in the island and in the region. Maldives has become a focal point for the world’s two most populous nations, particularly in the wake of China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

SOURCE: DW

SOUTH ASIA:

  • Indian security forces have been put on high alert along the country’s border with Myanmar following another ambush by separatist rebels.

SOURCE: THE DIPLOMAT 

SOUTH ASIA:

  • India rejected a map redrawn by Pakistan showing Indian territories of Kashmir and parts of Gujarat as part of its own land. Pakistan is seen to have been emboldened to take such a step after recent Chinese incursions into Indian territories in Ladakh, the resulting skirmishes between troops of the two sides and the present stalemate.

SOURCE: ASIA TIMES                            

SOUTH ASIA:

  • Pakistan Parliament reiterated its complete rejection of India’s August 5,2019 action of illegally occupying Jammu and Kashmir (IIOJK). They denounced the Indian government for taking advantage of the world’s preoccupation with the COVID-19 pandemic, to introduce new domicile rules in the IIOJK.

SOURCE: ASSOCIATED PRESS OF PAKISTAN 

SOUTH ASIA:

  • The Indian government announced that it was withdrawing around 10,000 paramilitary personnel from Kashmir. Is one way through which the Modi government is trying to send an all-is-well message.

SOURCE: THE DIPLOMAT


MIDDLE EAST:

  • Israel made a historic peace deal with the United Arab Emirates, creating a new factor of conflict in a region in flux. Iran and Turkey denounced the agreement, saying that the UAE had “betrayed” all Muslims and the Palestinian cause. All Palestinian factions, including Hamas and Islamic Jihad, also denounced the agreement, which represents a victory to Israel´s ally United States.

SOURCES: ASIA TIMES DWALJAZEERA

MIDDLE EAST:

  • Israel and the United States are pushing more Arab countries to follow the UAE’s path (see also GGN GEOPOLITICS Middle East August 2020). Israel mentioned Bahrain as a possible candidate. Bahrain welcomed the UAE-Israel accord soon after it was announced.

SOURCE: ISRAEL HAYOM

 

MIDDLE EAST:

  • Saudi Arabia suspended credits and oil supply to Pakistan, after Pakistan had given a blunt warning to Saudi Arabia-led Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) for not taking a stance against India over the Kashmir issue. It seems that the decade-long friendship between the two countries has finally ended.

SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES

MIDDLE EAST:

  • United States formally notified the United Nations of its demand for all UN sanctions on Iran to be restored, setting off an immediate confrontation with Russia and other Security Council members, including America’s European allies, who called the US move illegal.

SOURCE: ISRAEL HAYOM

MIDDLE EAST:

  • The UN dismissed a controversial bid by the United States to reimpose all international sanctions against Iran (see also GGN GEOPOLITICS Middle East August 2020).

SOURCE: DW


EUROPE:

  • US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo started a four-nation tour of central and eastern Europe expected to focus on threats to the region posed by Russia and China, amid post-election concerns about significant democratic backsliding in nearby Belarus. Russia and China are seeking greater roles throughout the continent in the energy, infrastructure and telecommunications sectors, a trend the United States is keen to reverse.

SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES

EUROPE:

  • US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo hinted that sanctions may be in store for Belarus following the state’s heavy-handed response to opposition protesters. US would attempt to lean on its “European friends” to join the possible punishment. Poland, Latvia and Lithuania have already threat to impose sanctions to Belarus.

SOURCE: RT

EUROPE:

  • MEDITERRANEAN: Egypt and Greece signed an agreement to demarcate the maritime borders between the two countries in the Mediterranean. The move comes at a time when Turkey has expanded its presence in the eastern Mediterranean, which has been condemned by Greece, Egypt, Cyprus, and France.

SOURCE: GEOPOLITIC NEWS                   

EUROPE:

  • MEDITERRANEAN: France will boost its military presence in the eastern Mediterranean. They asked Turkey to cease oil and gas exploration in contested waters that has spurred tensions with Greece.  Meanwhile, Israel announced it stands behind Greece.

SOURCE: DW ISRAELHAYOM

EUROPE:

  • MEDITERRANEAN: The Greek Armed Forces are on high alert, at a time when the eastern Mediterranean region is witnessing tension between Turkey and Greece due to oil and gas exploration (see also last geopolitical GGN news).

SOURCE: ALMASDAR

EUROPE:

  • MEDITERRANEAN: Turkey resumed exploratory drilling in the Eastern Mediterranean, in an area between Greece and the island of Cyprus, while Greek officials expressed alarm over the development.

SOURCE: DAILY SABAH 

EUROPE:

  • MEDITERRANEAN: Greece announced that it will conduct a navy and air force exercise in a part of the Eastern Mediterranean where Turkey is prospecting for oil and gas as the uneasy neighboring countries remain locked in a dispute over offshore energy rights.

SOURCE: DAILYSABAH

EUROPE:

  • MEDITERRANEAN: Greece is launching military exercises jointly with France, Italy and Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean, amid an escalating conflict with Turkey over natural gas reserves.

SOURCE: DW

EUROPE:

  • Turkey had conducted exercises with a U.S. Navy destroyer in the Eastern Mediterranean, hours after Greece began war games with France and EU allies nearby (see also GGN GEOPOLITICS Mediterranean August 2020).

SOURCE: DAILY SABAH

EUROPE:

  • NORD STREAM 2: US Senators have threatened Mukran Port in Germany, involved in the Nord Stream 2 project with “financial destruction”, if they continue their work on the venture. The Nord Stream 2 project is set to carry gas from Russia to Germany, passing through the territorial waters or exclusive economic zones of Denmark, Finland, Germany, Russia and Sweden.

SOURCE: SPUTNIK 

EUROPE:

  • NORD STREAM 2: Three powerful U.S. senators and the Trump administration want to halt Gazprom’s Nord Stream 2 pipeline by imposing sanctions on a Baltic port that is supplying the project, which is 94 percent complete. The Trump Administration, supported by Poland and the Baltic nations, has long opposed the pipeline, seeing it as an instrument for Russian leverage over Germany, Ukraine and Central Europe.

SOURCE: THE NEW YORK TIMES


AFRICA:

  • Russia is planning to step up its military cooperation with African countries as part of its new Africa strategy, including building bases in six countries, namely the Central African Republic, Egypt, Eritrea, Madagascar, Mozambique, and Sudan. Moreover, Russia’s army is partially secretly and partially officially training soldiers from those countries.

SOURCE: DAILY SABAH 

AFRICA:

  • Egypt and Sudan suspended talks with Ethiopia on its newly constructed reservoir and giant hydroelectric dam about the Blue Nile waters. The issue threatens to escalate into a full-blown regional conflict as years of talks with a variety of mediators, including the U.S., have failed to produce a solution.

SOURCE: WASHINGTON POST 

AFRICA:

  • Libya’s UN supported government announced a cease-fire across the oil-rich country and called for demilitarizing the strategic city of Sirte. The development could mark a breakthrough following international pressure amid rising fear of a new escalation in the chaotic proxy war as rival sides mobilize for a battle over Sirte.

SOURCE: HINDUSTAN TIMES