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Global Geopolitics

Asia Pacific

ASIA PACIFIC

  • CHINA/JAPAN: China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi flew to Japan for talks amid regional tensions (China claims the Japanese-controlled islands, which it calls Diaoyu, and routinely sends its warships to the surrounding waters). The visit comes after China signed the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership with 14 other economies, including Japan and South Korea, which are close allies of the US in the region.

SOURCE: ANADOLU AGENCY

 

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GGN Reports

GGN GEOPOLITICAL REPORT/ October 2020

PERSPECTIVES AND TENDENCIES


  • The situation in Asia Pacific remained volatile and uncertain amid “aggressive actions” between China and the United States. China tracked a US Navy warship as it passed through the Taiwan Strait and has its forces in the area on high alert.
  • Growing rivalry between United States and China for influence in South Asia continued. The paradigmatic case was Sri Lanka, which was warned by the United States against its tightening ties with China. (Sri Lanka is ratcheting up its relationship with China with multibillion-dollar BRI construction projects).
  • Actions to contain China’s expansion in the Indo-Pacific region continued: 1) India signed with United States a new defense agreement. 2) Japan and Vietnam have agreed to sign a defense deal. 3) The U.S. approved $1.8 billion in new arms for Taiwan. 4) U.S. persuaded Indonesia to align itself more closely to the US-led Quadrilateral Security Dialogue.
  • Tensions diminished between China and India related to violent Himalayan border clashes. Senior Indian and Chinese military commanders were hold fresh talks aimed at ending a months-long standoff along their disputed border in Ladakh region.
  • In the South Caucasus, the fighting between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces over the separatist territory of Nagorno-Karabakh resumed, despite ceasefire intended to end heavy fighting over the mountain enclave.
  • The “changing dynamic” continued in the Middle East when, underpinned by the United States, Sudan normalise ties with Israel, shortly after Bahrain and UAE did.
  • The viability of a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict seems to fade, after Israel announced plans to construct new housing in the West Bank and in Judea and Samaria. UK, Germany, France, Italy, and Spain condemned Israel’s decision.
  • In Europe two key countries for both the West and Russia have seen their situation getting worse: Belarus and Ukraine. EU leaders broke a diplomatic deadlock and imposed sanctions on Belarus, while massive marches continue to protest against the President Lukashenko. Ukraine was affected by the worsening situation in Donbas.
  • Turkey provoked a new crisis in Eastern Mediterranean, with its plans to extend its illegal occupation in part of Cyprus. It is given short after tensions erupted between Greece and Turkey over the eastern Mediterranean’s energy rights.
  • The conflict between United States and allies and Russia related to the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline escalate, after first ones implemented sanctions against companies involved in the construction of the pipeline, in a fresh attempt to prevent the Russia-led gas pipeline project from completing, as the pipeline could potentially deprive U.S. and its allies of billions of dollars.
  • In Africa, U.S made new attempts to push back Russian and Chinese influence in the continent. Among others, the United States tried to increase cooperation with Egypt to control some of the main joints in the eastern region of Libya, where oil is abundant, and where Russia would be approaching.

TAGS: geopolitics, geopolitical, geopolitical conflicts, conflicts, conflict news, politics, power balance, tensions, escalations, rivalries, competition.

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Global Geopolitics

South Asia

SOUTH ASIA

  • India woos Iran to keep China away from Chabahar (which connects India to Afghanistan, where India’s presence is linked to its rivalry with neighboring Pakistan). India has been worried about China gaining foothold in Chabahar, after Iran dropped New Delhi from the rail project and started negotiating a long-term deal with Beijing. The worry comes at a time of heightened tensions between India and China following a series of clashes between the two armies in the border region of Kashmir.

SOURCE: YENISAFAK

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Global Geopolitical Conflicts News Analysis

Global Geopolitical Conflicts News Analysis

Global Geopolitical Conflicts News Analysis:

PERSPECTIVES AND TRENDS:

AUGUST 2020:

The August news on geopolitics analyzed by GGN revealed three main trends:

  • Actions to contain China’s expansion in strategic geopolitical areas of Asia Pacific and South Asia were increased.
  • Tension grew between the countries that have geopolitical interests in the Mediterranean.
  • More tension in the Middle East, after Israel and the United Arab Emirates signed an agreement that could modify the balance of power of the region.

Regarding the actions taken during August to contain China’s expansion in Asia Pacific and South Asia, are mentioned:  1) The Five Eyes alliance –US, the UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand– plan to include Japan as a member. 2) India and Japan plan to sign an important military logistics agreement. 3) India and Vietnam agreement to strengthen their strategic partnership. 4) India´s project to support infrastructures plans in Maldives (Maldives has become a focal point for India and China, particularly in the wake of China’s Belt and Road Initiative). 5) Moreover, US sent in August a high level official mission to Taiwan to show them it´s effectively recognition as a sovereign nation.

The results of these countries efforts to contain China are yet to be known.

As for the Mediterranean region, tension grows after various maneuvers carried out by Turkey with the intention of exploiting natural gas in the region. Turkey conducted in August exercises with a U.S. Navy destroyer in the Eastern Mediterranean. In response, Greece launched military exercises jointly with France, Italy and Cyprus in the same zone.

Turkey is planning to create a three-seas link (the Mediterranean, the Black Sea, and the Caspian Sea, named Turkish Silk Road), that could be supported by India, the European Union, and the United States, with anti-Chinese connotations, adding more tension in the region.

Regarding the Middle East, the new deal may radicalize the opposition between the Gulf-Egypt-Israel axis and Iran, as well as between the same axis and Turkey and Qatar. Iran, Qatar, Turkey, and all Palestinian factions already denounced the agreement, declaring that represents a victory for Israel and its ally United States.

The situation in Middle East could get more complicated if Israel and the United States achieve more Arab countries to follow the UAE’s path, as they are already trying to do.

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Global Geopolitics

Asia Pacific (South China Sea)

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • China has fired a barrage of medium-range missiles across considerable distances into the South China Sea. It punctuated a series of military exercises that China has conducted this month at a time of rising tensions with the United States over its territorial claims in the area.

SOURCE: NEW YORK TIMES

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Global Geopolitics

Europe (Mediterranean)

EUROPE:

  • Turkey had conducted exercises with a U.S. Navy destroyer in the Eastern Mediterranean, hours after Greece began war games with France and EU allies nearby (see also GGN GEOPOLITICS Mediterranean August 2020).

SOURCE: DAILY SABAH

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Global Geopolitics

Europe (Mediterranean)

EUROPE:

  • MEDITERRANEAN: Greece is launching military exercises jointly with France, Italy and Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean, amid an escalating conflict with Turkey over natural gas reserves.

SOURCE: DW

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Global Geopolitics

Asia Pacific (South China sea)

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • US will ban certain Chinese nationals allegedly involved the militarization of the South China Sea. They blacklisted 24 Chinese companies over their alleged role in building military fortifications on artificial islands in the mentioned Sea.

SOURCE: SPUTNIK

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Global Geopolitics

Asia Pacific

ASIA PACIFIC:

  • China has conducted near-simultaneous four-region naval drills, covering the Yellow Sea, Bohai Gulf, East China Sea and South China Sea, as tit-for-tat response to recent US maneuvers and deployments in China’s adjacent waters.

SOURCE: ASIA TIMES

 

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Global Geopolitics

South Asia

SOUTH ASIA:

  • Indian Navy has deployed almost its entire fleet of ships and submarines into the Indian Ocean. The moves are likely a clear signal to China: that India will not back down, either on land or sea. Furthermore, the move suggests that India is tightening its grip on the crucial Malacca Strait, a development that will surely set off alarm bells in Beijing.

SOURCE: ASIA TIMES                https://asiatimes.com/2020/07/indian-navy-deployment-sends-clear-message-to-china/

 

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